Similar to humans, cats have two sets of teeth: kittens have 26 milk teeth, and adult cats have 30 permanent teeth. When a kitten reaches 6 to 7 months old, all 30 adult teeth will have appeared. Ideally, the baby tooth associated with permanent tooth falls by itself, but occasionally, the long-term tooth appears alongside the baby tooth. This is referred to as a persistent deciduous tooth and happens when the root of a deciduous tooth does not fall. This triggers the permanent tooth to appear at an abnormal angle or in an unusual position. The result is often crowding or malposition of the tooth (or teeth), triggering a malocclusion. Early extraction in these situations will typically enable the adult teeth to move into their correct positions and prevent further malocclusion problems. If you observe any persistent deciduous teeth, take your cat to your veterinarian asap for a dental exam.
Anatomy of a cat's teeth
As with humans, cats have two sets of teeth. As kittens, they have 26 baby teeth, also called deciduous or milk teeth. As grown-up cats, they have 30 permanent teeth.
Incisors are called first, second, and third based on where they are located in the mouth. There must be six incisors in the top jaw and six in the lower jaw. Incisor teeth are utilized for shearing as well as grooming.
Two big canine teeth lie in the upper as well as the lower jaw. The canines are known to tear with tremendous pressure.
3. Premolars and molars
Premolar teeth have sharp edges utilized for shearing. In cats, there are four premolar teeth on either side of the upper and lowers jaws. Dogs have four molars (2 on each side) in the top jaw and six (3 on each side) in the lower. Molars have a flat surface that is utilized for grinding.
The feline has three premolars on each side of the upper jaw recognized as 2nd, 3rd, and fourth, and two reduced premolars on each side of the reduced jaw called third as well as 4th. Felines have one top and also lower molar on each side.
4. Carnassial teeth
Carnassial teeth are the 4th top premolars as well as the 1st lower molars. This term implies "tearing of flesh" and is used to label the largest shearing teeth of the top and bottom jaw in dogs, cats, and various other carnivores.
A tooth is composed of a part above the gum line called the crown and a section listed below the gum line called the root.
Enamel, the most complex mineralized tissue found in the body, covers the crown. The cementum, which is attached to the gum ligament, covers the root. Dentin, which is softer than enamel, makes up most of the tooth. Inside, the pulp comprises tissues that contain nerves, capillaries, and lymphatics.
When do kittens get their deciduous teeth?
Kittens are born with no noticeable teeth. The deciduous teeth start pushing out of the gum tissues at around three weeks of age and typically emerge by 6 to 8 weeks old.
A healthy mouth depends on healthy teeth. The best time to begin cleaning a kitty cat's teeth is when you initially bring them home before the discomfort of teething starts. During the short period when the primary teeth are befalling and the long-term teeth appear, it is suggested that you pause from cleaning. Your vet can help you establish the very best products and approaches to dental care for your kitten.
When do kitties get their permanent teeth?
In kittens, the entire teething procedure is relatively rapid. Teething starts in kitties at ten weeks to 6 months old, beginning with the primary incisors being replaced by their permanent counterparts. By the time a kitten gets to 6-7 months of age, all 30 grown-up teeth will undoubtedly have erupted.
What happens at teething?
Buried in the jaw bone, permanent teeth, also called tooth buds, are forming. These permanent teeth grow beneath the primary teeth; they move through the bone and erupt via the gums. Typically, the baby tooth associated with that permanent tooth will have fallen by this time. You might even discover these hollow shells of the primary teeth on the floor or in your kitty cat's bed linens, but generally, the teeth will fall while the kitten eats, and they will ingest them with the remainder of their food.
The teething procedure can be a time of discomfort and pain. Your kitty may drool, be reluctant to eat at times, and also may be irritable because of a tender mouth. Nearly all kittens will have the urge to chew when they are teething. It would be best if you did what you could to direct your kitty's chewing in the direction of acceptable items. Avoid offering your kitten tough objects that can damage their teeth.
You may also observe characteristic breath odor (kitty cat breath) related to teething. This odor is entirely typical and will last as long as the kitten is teething.
Occasionally, however, the permanent tooth emerges together with the baby tooth. When the milk tooth has not yet fallen, it is described as a persistent deciduous tooth when the permanent tooth has started to appear.
What is a persistent tooth?
A persistent tooth happens when the tooth root of a deciduous tooth is either incompletely resorbed, or it did not resorb whatsoever and, therefore, does not fall. When this happens, the milk tooth occupies the area in the mouth dedicated to the permanent tooth, making it emerge at an abnormal angle or in an odd position. The result is either crowding or malposition of the tooth, causing an abnormal bite (malocclusion).
Which milk teeth are likely to be persistent?
The most typical teeth to be relentless are the top canine teeth, complied with by the reduced canine teeth and then the incisors. Nevertheless, in many cases, cats might also keep premolar teeth.
What issues are created by persistent teeth?
Suppose both a milk tooth and a permanent tooth emerged in the same area in the jaw. In that case, the crowding of both teeth will boost the likelihood that food and debris will be entrapped in between the teeth. If the root of the persistent tooth has only been partially resorbed, it can end up being badly infected. This can lead to troubles such as tartar deposits, dental caries, gingivitis, and periodontitis - every one of which can cause early loss of teeth.
If teeth are malpositioned, they can end up rubbing against other teeth, wearing away the enamel and weakening the tooth. Over time, a persistent milk tooth can cause an oral interlock which may disrupt the normal development and the advancement of the jawbones.
If the consistent tooth is a lower canine, the permanent canine will emerge on the inside of the lower jaw and grow towards the mouth's roof. Constant contact between the canine tooth and the roof of the mouth might cause significant injury and pain and interfere with your pet's ability to eat comfortably.
How is a persistent tooth treated?
No two teeth ought to be in the same position at the same time. If you see a persistent tooth in your kitten's mouth, make an appointment with your veterinarian asap to schedule an evaluation. Unless the primary teeth are very mobile, removal is the option. I will not advise you to wait until your kitten is neutered or spayed.
What happens if there is a delayed extraction of a persistent tooth?
If the persistent primary tooth is not removed promptly, the adult teeth may not be able to move into their correct positions without orthodontic therapy. In these situations, or for kittens with extreme malocclusion issues, it might be required to extract other teeth or refer your cat to a veterinary oral expert for orthodontic treatment to reposition the teeth in their correct position.
In addition to regular brushing, it is essential to check your kitten's mouth each week until 7 to 8 months old to ensure that her teeth are growing in the correct position. If you discover any type of persistent teeth, or if you presume your kitten has an irregular bite (malocclusion), take it to your vet instantly for a dental evaluation.